The cardiac diet emphasizes foods such as vegetables, whole grains, and oily fish. These foods are beneficial for heart health. The diet also limits processed foods that are high in sugar and salt, as these increase the risk of heart disease. One 2019 review indicated that the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, the Mediterranean diet, and vegetarian diets have the most evidence for cardiovascular disease prevention. The cardiac diet aims to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by encouraging people to eat healthful, anti-inflammatory foods Whole grains, vegetables, and oily fish are excellent staple foods to include in the cardiac diet. While following this diet, a person should focus on plant-based foods and items that are low in saturated fat. People should try to avoid processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats, including red meat and dairy. It can be helpful for people to plan their diet and be mindful of their choices when dining out. Getting daily exercise is also beneficial for heart health.