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Being a Women

“Behind every successful man there is a woman”. Not only in the case of a man but this saying stands for the functioning of the whole world. She is said to be the ultimate strength and support behind the success of an individual. There is a lot of differenciation and discrimination in the name of gender as males and females. Nevertheless this difference do exist in nature from time immemorial.

A female draws out various characteristics which is different from that of a male, varying from factors such as physical, mental. biological and reproductive. These are inborn and inbuilt right from the time a mother concieves a female child.
Womanhood is the period in a females life after she has passed through childhood and adolescence, generally around the age 18. Women have three very important physiological functions totally absent in men--menstruation, pregnancy, and lactation.Each of these mechanisms influences the behavioural patterns of a female greatly.
Another such noticable factor could be psycological.
Women prefer to share and care more, she would discuss and figure out a solution for a problem which they face by discussing it with her friends. She is more emotionally depended and possess aa emotional mind when compared to that of men. But men on the other hand seem to be independent and keep things more to themselves. But unfortunately, women are more prone to different types of depressions due to their emotional weakness.
Communication skills and emotional intelligence are found to be better in females. They tend to be more group-oriented.
Women can be, and many are, greatly affected by hormone fluctuations. Hormonal changes in female body is much more prominant and undergoes changes as the age advances. The main two hormones generated in female body are estrogen and progestrone. Estrogen helps the uterus grow, maintains the uterine lining to protect the budding baby. Progesterone has characteristics that balance and counteract the adverse effects that estrogen can have.Progesterone is important mainly for the preparation of the endometrium for implantation of the egg during pregnancy and the maintenance of pregnancy.
women are more often portrayed as being under the influence of their hormones, as being subject to hormonal tides or hormonal storms.

Women face many injustices and inequalities globally, both in terms of economic factors and human rights. An often overlooked aspect of this phenomenon is their health, so its atmost important that proper diet and care are taken as far as female health is concerned.
A healthy diet can help reduce PMS(pre-menstrual syndrome), boost fertility, make pregnancy and nursing easier. It provides one with energy, maintaining weight and keeps you looking good.

God has created women in such a way that, she can take her generation forward by giving birth to new offsprings. The ideal time to start learning about pregnancy is not when a woman is already pregnant but much before that.
For a woman, pregnancy planning means learning everything she can about how her own health and that of her baby can be optimized. She is capable of conceiving from the time she attains puberty till the time of menopause.
A female body is also highly prone to diseases too due to its sensitive features or even due to malnutrition which leads to less immunity. Many such diseases are gallstones, migraine headaches,
osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure(hypertension) etc.
Women with Osteoporosis have weak bones which tend to break. Osteoporosis in the vertebrae can cause serious problems for women. A fracture in this area occurs from day-to-day activities like climbing stairs, lifting objects, or bending forward

 

Research has also revealed the genetic and molecular basis of a number of gender-based differences in health and disease, some of which are related to genotype — XX in the female and XY in the male.
Due to such less immune resistance women have got higher chances of developing Autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases can affect virtually every site in the body.

Autoimmune diseases affect approximately 8% of the population, 78% of whom are women. It is still unkown as to what reasons are there behind such a prevalence. One of the factors behind it could be genetic as it can be passed on from a mother to her offspring.

One treatment for Ebola, Hepatitis, Brain Cancer and Influenza

A novel protein could be a universal therapeutic target for treating human diseases like brain cancer, Ebola, Influenza, Hepatitis and superbug bacteria, researchers report. By using a drug combination to target the key protein GRP78 and related proteins, researchers prevented the replication of a variety of major viruses in infected cells, made antibiotic-resistant bacteria vulnerable to common antibiotics and found evidence that brain cancer stem cells were killed.

Data were obtained in multiple brain cancer stem cell types, and using influenza, mumps, measles, rubella, adenovirus, coxsakie virus, chikungunya, Ebola, Hepatitis, E. coli, MRSA, MRSE and N gonorrhoeae, among others. “ We have got a concept that by attacking GRP78 and related proteins, we hurt cancer cells, we inhibit the ability of viruses to infect and to reproduce and we are able to kill superbug antibiotic-resistant bacteria”, said study’s lead investigator Paul Dent, professor in the department of biochemistry and molecular biology at Virginia Commonwealth University.

GRP78 is part of a family of proteins called chaperones. The job of a chaperone is to help shape chains of amino acids into proteins and then to keep those proteins active in the correct 3D shape. The chaperone proteins are very important in cancer cells or virus infected cells because these cells make extra protein compared to normal/uninfected cells. The findings open an avenue of being able to treat viral infections, infections that certainly most people would say we will never be able to treat.

Difficult eaters may have underlying psychological issues

Parents have to take a note! A new study has warned that irritating and bullying your kid may result in change in eating habits and other behavior in kids.
Eating difficulties in childhood can be a sign of some hidden psychological issues, researchers have said. Researchers at the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine children's hospital said that difficult eaters could have underlying psychological issues, after they have found that restrictive behaviour can appear before puberty.

'Many eminent researchers believe that the signs and symptoms of bulimia appear only at adolescence, but similar studies have also suggested that such related problems can also occur a bit earlier too. The problem is under-diagnosed because of a lack of awareness and investigation,' said clinical psychologist and Professor Dominique Meilleur, who led the study.

Kids who underwent health problems such as diabetes and cystic fibrosis, were eliminated from the study. The researchers also made a conclusion that children mostly suffered from problems such as anxiety, mood disorders and attention deficiency.
Across the whole study, about 52 per cent of children were hospitalized at least once because of their wrong food pattern and other 48 per cent were treated as outpatient’s emergency responders.
Around 95 per cent of the children in the study had restrictive eating behaviour, 69.4 per cent were afraid of putting on weight, and 46.6 per cent described themselves as "fat."

Excess protein during brain development may cause schizophrenia

A new study has revealed that excess protein during brain development may trigger schizophrenia later in life. According to new Rutgers research, a gene associated with schizophrenia plays a role in brain development and may help to explain the biological process of the disease.

The researchers said that too much protein expressed by the NOS1AP gene, which has been associated with schizophrenia , causes abnormalities in brain structure and faulty connections between nerve cells that prevent them from communicating properly. Bonnie Firestein, professor in the Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, said that their research indicates that an overabundance of a protein in the NOS1AP gene resulted in the dendrites-tree-like structures that allow cells to talk to each other and are essential to the functioning of the nervous system-being stunted in the developing brains of rats.

It was also found that too much of the NOS1AP protein in brain cells didn't allow them to branch out and kept them deep within the neocortex, the portion of the brain responsible for higher functioning skills, such as spatial reasoning, conscious thought, motor commands, language development and sensory perception.

Firestein said that when the brain develops, it sets up a system of the right type of connectivity to make sure that communication can occur and they saw that the nerve cells didn't move to the correct locations and didn't have dendrites that branch out to make the connections that were needed. The study was published in Biological Psychiatry.

The cancer drug paclitaxel just got more effective.

For the first time, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have packaged it in containers derived from a patient's own immune system, protecting the drug from being destroyed by the body's own defences and bringing the entire payload to the tumour.

"That means we can use 50 times less of the drug and still get the same results," said Elena Batrakova, Ph.D., an associate professor in the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy. "That matters because we may eventually be able to treat patients with smaller and more accurate doses of powerful chemotherapy drugs resulting in more effective treatment with fewer and milder side effects."

The work, led by Batrakova and her colleagues at the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy's Center for Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery, is based on exosomes, which are tiny spheres harvested from the white blood cells that protect the body against infection. The exosomes are made of the same material as cell membranes, and the patient's body doesn't recognize them as foreign, which has been one of the toughest issues to overcome in the past decade with using plastics-based nanoparticles as drug-delivery systems.

"Exosomes are engineered by nature to be the perfect delivery vehicles," said Batrakova, who has also used this technique as a potential therapy for Parkinson's disease. "By using exosomes from white blood cells, we wrap the medicine in an invisibility cloak that hides it from the immune system. We don't know exactly how they do it, but the exosomes swarm the cancer cells, completely bypassing any drug resistance they may have and delivering their payload."

Paclitaxel is a potent drug used in the United States as a first- and second-line treatment for breast, lung and pancreatic cancers. It can have serious and unpleasant side effects, such as hair loss, muscle and joint pain and diarrhea, and it can put patients at greater risk of serious infection. In their experiment, Batrakova's team extracted exosomes from mouse white blood cells and loaded them with paclitaxel. They then tested the treatment -- which they call exoPXT -- against multiple-drug-resistant cancer cells in petri dishes. The team saw that they needed 50 times less exoPXT to achieve the same cancer-killing effect as formulations of the drug currently being used, such as Taxol.

Artificial pancreas to control blood sugar levels

For the first time in the history of medical science artificial pancreas will be tested for six months in 240 people with type 1 diabetes at nine sites in the United States and Europe. Researchers will compare this system to current diabetes management with an insulin pump. Then, 180 of those patients will be observed for another six months.

The wearable system developed by University of Virginia and Harvard University researchers with almost $13 million in funding from the U.S. National Institutes of Health supplies appropriate amounts of insulin by detecting changes in the body and predicting blood sugar levels in advance.

In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system mistakenly destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that plays a key role in regulating blood sugar levels in the body. People with type 1 diabetes patients must replace that lost insulin, either through multiple daily injections or via a thin tube inserted under the skin that's then attached to an insulin pump.

The artificial pancreas is not a replica of a human pancreas. Instead, it consists of an insulin pump with tubing inserted under the skin, a blood sugar monitor with a wire sensor placed under the skin, and a smart phone loaded with software that determines how much insulin is required based on factors such as food intake, physical activity, stress, metabolism and sleep.

Delhi Govt acts tough against ads of tobacco products

Delhi Government has written to various tobacco companies asking them to remove advertisement boards from shops and warned them against free distribution of boards or counters having tobacco ads among vendors.

Section 5 of the Cigarettes ....Read More

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