The government of India have initiated several large scale supplementary feeding programmes aimed at overcoming specific deficiency diseases through various Ministers to combat malnutrition.
1. Vitamin A prophylaxis program:
One of the components of National Programme for control of Blindness is to administer a single massive dose of an oily preparation of Vitamin A orally to all pre-school children in the community every 6 months through peripheral health children in the community every 6 months through peripheral health workers.
2. Prophylaxis against nutritional anaemia:
In view of its public health importance, a national programme for the prevention of nutritional anaemia was launched by the Govt. Of India during the fourth five year plan. The programme consists of distribution of iron and folic acid tablets to pregnant women and young children.
3. Special Nutrition Programme:
This special programme was started in 1970 for the nutritional benefit of children below 6 years of age, pregnant and nursing mothers and is in operation in urban slums, tribal areas and backward rural areas.
4. Balwadi Nutrition Programme:
This programme was started in 1970 for the benefit of children in the age group 3-6 years in rural areas. It is under the overall charge of the Department of Social Welfare. Balwadis also provide pre-primary education to children.
5. ICDS programme:
Integrated Child Development Services(ICDS) programme was started in 1975 in pursuance of the National Policy for children. The workers at the village level who deliver the sevices are called Anganwadi workers. Each Anganwadi unit covers a population of about 1000.
6. Mid-day meal programme:
The mid-day meal programme(MDMP) is also kown as school launch programme. This programme has been in operation since 1961 throughout the country. The major objective of the programme is to attract more children for admission to schools and retain them so that literacy improvement of children could be brought about.
7. Mid-day meal scheme:
Mid-day meal scheme is also known as National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education. It was launched as a centrally sponsored scheme on 15th August 1995 and revised in 2004.
Some suggestions for preparation of nutritious and economical mid-day meals are as under:
Parboiled rice, single dish meals, cereal pulse combination, sprouted pulses, leafy vegetables, fermented food items etc. Only 'iodised salt' should be used for cooking mid-day meals.
grammes aimed at overcoming specific deficiency diseases through various Ministers to combat malnutrition.